In order to determine the form of the thesis, you must first make a research plan. At this very moment, features of future scientific work can arise, a volume of illustrative material can be outlined, and a circle of sources of information will be formed. In the process of working on a thesis, the form may change, but the main thing is to have an idea of what exactly the work should include.
The thesis is subject to a certain structure:
- Title page.
- Abbreviations and basic notation.
- The main part contains several chapters with obligatory conclusions to chapters.
- Applications if necessary.
The introduction of the thesis contains the relevance of the topic, setting goals and objectives. It is obligatory to formulate the subject of the research and the object for analysis, as well as the methods that will be used in scientific work to solve the set tasks. The introduction is an annotation and is devoted to the problem under study, the degree of its knowledge, the suggestions that are made by the author. Also, the introduction contains the main provisions for the protection of the author. Here it is important to note not all the results obtained, but new solutions and personal contribution to the development of measures for their implementation.
Introduction is not in vain located at the beginning of the thesis, and it is to him that the commission draws attention, since according to the content of several pages, you can create a general impression of the work. The presentation of the material of the thesis should be subject to one principle – consistency and following to the goal. The work will be consistent if each chapter has a target value and is the basis for the next chapter.
The first chapter examines the scientific literature devoted to the research on the problem and the materials that most clearly characterize the ways of solving problems and how to do it rationally. A critical analysis of the work carried out by predecessors. It is very important to identify issues that are still unresolved or not fully explored. This will determine the direction in which the dissertation will be written. The first chapter, most often, consists of 25-35 pages.
The second chapter presents the theoretical justification of the tasks that are necessary to achieve the goal. The second chapter aims to give a theoretical idea of the problem in general, with an emphasis on the tasks. PhD dissertations rarely contain a new theoretical basis for research, usually an existing apparatus, it is enough to determine the base.
In the third chapter, experimental justification of problem solving is carried out. Here it is important to specify a theoretical solution and define new devices that can be used to solve a specific problem, describe new methods or technologies for experimental research. The third chapter consists of an average of thirty pages.
The fourth chapter includes solving the tasks set by the developed methods. It is necessary to describe the developed device, methodology or the phenomenon that is the result of the dissertation. A separate paragraph should be devoted to the evaluation of results with the presentation of graphic information, tables. It is important to conduct the resulting solution with existing ones and determine the effectiveness of their development.
In the conclusion contains the results of the work, and the formulation of the main conclusions. Provides information about the approbation, the security of technical solutions by patents and identifies the companies in which the obtained solutions can be used.
The application contains reference and illustrative materials that are not the personal contribution of the author to the development of science.